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Thursday, 30 June 2011

Aung San Suu Kyi - a great example of Democratic struggle & human rights

Thursday, 30 June 2011

Aung San Suu Kyi was born on June 19, 1945 in Rangoon, Burma. She was the younger sister amongst her brothers. Traditionally in Burma all names are individual and the people don’t have last name.  

Religiously she believes on Theravada Buddhist and she was much inspired by Indian leader Mohandas Ghandhi.

Her father Aung San had played a very important role in obtaining the independence from British Empire and he was the key person who had been contributed in the discussion process, which had been made by the Burmese with British’s emperors in 1947. Her father had been observed as a decent personality amongst the Burmese because of his superb character and a greater love for his country and the people.  In 1947, he had been assassinated by his rival political group as a result he never saw Burma’s Independence Day on January 04, 19448. One of her beloved brother Aung San Lin was drowned in the lake, which was associated to her house. Her elder brother has become the citizen of USA presently he is living in San Diego, California.

The early life of Aung San Suu Kyi spent in Burma; afterward she joined to her mother Daw Khin Kyi who had been appointed Burma’s Ambassador to India in 1960. Her secondary education was completed in India and she got graduation’s degree in politics from Shri Ram College, New Dehli, India in 1964. She also obtained Bachelor degree in politics, economics and philosophy from St. Hugh’s college, Oxford, England in 1969.

In 1972 she got married with Michael Vaillancourt Aris, who was a well known Tibetan cultural scholar. Primarily she told her fiancé about her political life and got assurance form him that she will have to go to her country to face political challenges and my country’s people want to see her in their country. 

Meanwhile in 1985 she got Ph.D degree from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Life in House Arrest – great services for Democracy
 Since the beginning of her political life she was remained under house arrest up to 15 to 21 years. First time in 1988 she returned Burma to see her ill mother. In the same time a political democratic movement had been provoked by the political parties and being a country’s renowned political figure she had to play a leading role in that movement. As a result she put her under house arrest by the country’s authorities. After a long time the Burmese leader General Than Shwe along with General Khin Nyunt met her in September 1995, which was the first formal meeting during the imprisonment.

After a one year break she met her husband Aris on Christmas’s Day in 1995.  In 1997 Aris was diagnosed with prostate cancer and she wanted to meet him, but despite a several requests which had been made the by the international personalities, like UN secretary general, presidents of UK and US and Pop John Paul II to allow Burmese visa entry to Aris so that he could meet her wife, but the military government rejected all the requests. At last Aris was died due to cancer on 27th March 1999 and in these circumstances his wife was also remained under house arrest.

The country’s State Protection Act 10-b allows the authorities to imprison persons up to five years without trial and the law to protect the State against the risks of those wanting to cause Rebellious Act (article 10-a) as Suu Kyi possibly weaken the country’s peace and stability. So many appeals against her illegal detention have been rejected by the court.

Eventually after a longer gap of 20 year the polls were held. The Union Solidarity and Development party was succeeded in these elections and this party has signed the order of Suu Kyi’s release on 13 November 2010. Hence her releasing orders had also been expired on August 2009 as per the ruling of court.

Nobel Peace Prize
On the services for restoration of Democracy, Human rights and ethnic conciliation Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for her peaceful struggle for democracy and human rights. The Norwegian Nobel committee acknowledged that Suu Kyi’s struggle has set an example of civil patience and great struggle against dictatorship. 


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